Variability and relationships between characters of physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) in Burkina Faso

Kouka Fidèle Tiendrébéogo, Nerbéwendé Sawadogo, Naoura Gapili, Mahamadi Hamed Ouédraogo, Razacswendé Fanta Ouédraogo, Kiswendsida Romaric Nanema, Adjima Ouoba, Mahamadou Sawadogo

Abstract


Jatropha curcas is a highly promising species for biodiesel production in Burkina Faso and other countries in the tropics. It is rustic, grows in warm regions and is easily cultivated. These characteristics and high-quality oil yields from the seeds have made it a priority for biodiesel programs. Consequently, this plant merits genetic investigations aimed at improving yields. The present study was conducted to determine the extent of genetic variability and relationships among 30 accessions from Burkina Faso using 7 qualitative characters and 20 quantitative characters. For most of the traits, there were highly significant differences among the accessions. A positive and significant correlation between the 100-seed weight trait and the oil content trait was observed. The oil content trait is significantly and positively influenced by growth traits such as plant height and crown diameter. Based on the petiole base pigmentation, three morphotypes were identified: green morphotype, purple morphotype and brown morphotype. The green morphotype was characterized by very high oil content and high 100-seed weight while the brown morphotype presents low oil content and low 100-seed weight. The purple morphotype registered a high oil content and medium 100-seed weight. These results are important for the continuity of breeding programs, aimed at obtaining cultivars with high grain yield and high oil content in seeds.


Keywords


oil content, genetic diversity, genetic correlation, morphotype, Jatropha curcas, Burkina Faso.

Full Text:

View Full Text

References


Pandey VC, Singh K, Singh SJ, Kumar A, Singh B, Singh RP. Jatropha curcas: A potential biofuel plant for sustainable environmental development. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 2012;16(5): 2870-2883.

Freitas RG, Missio RF, Matos FS, Resende MDV, Dias LAS. Genetic evaluation of Jatropha curcas L.: an important oilseed for biodiesel production. Genetic and molecular research. 2011;10(3): 1490-1498.

Berchmans HJ and Hirata S. Biodiesel production from crude Jatropha curcas L. seed oil with a high content of free fatty acids. Bioresource Technology. 2008;99(6): 1716-1721.

Hamad B . Transestérification des huiles végétales par l’éthanol en conditions douces par catalyses hétérogènes acide et basique. Thèse de doctorat, Université Claude Bernard-Lyon 1, France; 2009.p.197.

Martin G et Mayeux A. Réflexion sur les cultures oléagineuses énergétiques II. Le Pourghère (Jatropha curcas L.) : un carburant possible. Oléagineux. 1984;39(5): 283-286.

Ouattara B. Etude de la diversité génétique, de la variabilité agro-morphologique et éco-physiologique de Jatropha curcas L. au Sénégal. Thèse de doctorat unique, Université Cheich Anta Diop de Dakar; 2013.p.120.

Minengu JDD, Mobambo P, Mergeai G. Influence de l’environne- ment et des pratiques culturales sur la productivité de Jatropha curcas L. en Afrique subsaharienne (synthèse bibilographique). Biotechnoogy, Agronomy, Society and Environment. 2013;18(2): 290-300.

FAO et FIDA. Le Jatropha, une culture bioénergétique pour les pays pauvres. Rapport; 2010.p.4.

Coulibaly ND, Koné D, Soro D, Kouadio YJ. Caractérisation physiologique de dix accessions de Jatropha curcas dans deux zones pédoclimatiques assez contrastées de la Côte d’Ivoire. European Sientific Journal. 2015;11(36) : 61-77.

Ouédraogo M. Etude biologique et physiologique du pourghère : Jatropha curcas L. ( Euphorbiaceae) en vue d’une meilleure production de carburant de substitution. Thèse de doctorat, Université de Ouagadougou; 2000.p. 284.

Tiendrebeogo KF, Sawadogo N, Nanema KR, Traore RE, Bationo-Kando P, Ouedraogo MH and Sawadogo M. Evaluation of morpho-metric characteristics of fruits and oil content of seeds of Jatropha curcas L. in Burkina Faso. International Journal of Plant, Animal and Environmental Science. 2016a;6 (2): 145-155.

Tiendrébéogo KF, Sawadogo N, Nanéma KR, Traoré RE, Bationo-Kando P, Zongo JD and Sawadogo M. Evaluation de la diversité génétique du pourghère (Jatropha curcas L.) au Burkina Faso. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies. 2016b;16 (1): 155-165.

Tiendrebeogo KF, Sawadogo N, Ouedraogo MH, Kiebre Z, Zida WPMSF, Nanema KR, Batieno TBJ, Traore RE, Bationo-Kando P, Zongo JD, Sawadogo M. Genetic Diversity of Jatropha curcas in Burkina Faso Revealed by Microsatellite Markers. In European Scientific Journal, ESJ. 2019;15(15): 229-243.

Bureau National des Sols (BUNASOL). Etude pédologique de la station expérimentale de Gampèla, échelle 1/5000 . N 59; 1988.p. 279.

Guinko S. Végétation de la Haute-Volta. Thèse de doctorat, Université de Bordeaux III (France); 1984.p. 394.

Sunil N, Kumar V, Sujatha M, Rao GR, Vaprasad KS. 2013. Minimal descriptors for characterization and evaluation of Jatropha curcas L. germplasm for utilization in crop improvement. Biomass and Bioenergy. 2013;48: 239-249.

Heller J, 1996. Physic nut (Jatropha curcas L.) in Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPIGRI). 1996;1: 1-66.

Leela T, Naresh B, Srikanth Reddy M, Madhusudhan NC, Cherku PD. Morphological, physicochemical and micropropagation studies in Jatropha curcas L. and RAPD analys of the regenerants. Applied Energy. 2011;88(6): 2071-2079.

AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis .1990; 1.p.684.

Sunil N, Sujatha M, Kumar V, Vanaja M, Basha SD and Varaprasad KS. Correlating the phenotypic and molecular diversity in Jatropha curcas L. Biomass and bioenergy. 2010;35(3): 1085-1096.

Sukarin W, Yamada Y and Sakagushis S. Characteristics of physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. as a biomass crop in the Tropics. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly. 1987;20 (4): 302-303.

Tiendrébéogo KF, Sawadogo N, Ouédraogo RF, Ouédraogo MH, Sawadogo M et Zongo JD. Evaluation morpho-physiologique et estimation des paramètres génétiques au stade juvénile de 30 accessions de pourghère (Jatropha curcas L.) au Burkina Faso. Afrique Science. 2020;17(2): 202-210.

Shabanimofrad M, Rafii MY, Wahab MPE, Biabani AR, Latif MA. Phenotypic, genotypic and genetic divergence found in 48 newly collected Malaysian accessions of Jatropha curcas L. Industial and Crops Products. 2013;42: 543-551.

Gbemavo CJ, Gandji K, Gnangle CP, Assogbadio AE and Kakai RLG. Variabilite morphologiques et conservation des morphotypes de Jatropha curcas Linn. (Euphoriaceae) au Benin. Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development. 2015;109(1): 55-69.

Rao GR, Korwar GR, Shanker AK, Ramakrishna YS. Genetic associations, variability and diversity in seed characters, growth, reproductive phenology and yield in Jatropha curcas L. accessions. Trees. 2008;22(5): 697-709.

Kaushik N, Kumar K, Kumar S, Kaushikb N. Genetic variability and divergence studies in seed traits and oil content of Jatropha (Jatropha curcas L.) accessions. Biomass and Bioenergy. 2007;31(7): 497-502.

Wani TA, Kitchlu S, Ram G. Genetic variability studies for morphological and qualitative attributes among Jatropha curcas L. accessions grown under subtropical conditions of North India. South African Journal of Botany. 2012;79: 102-105.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.36462/H.BioSci.202106

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Tiendrébéogo et al.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

...........................................................................................................................................................

Other "Highlights in" Journals

Highlights_in_BioScience

Highlights in Bioinformatics              Highlights in Chemistry                 Highlights in Science

Highlights_in_BioScience

Highlights in Microbiology              Highlights in Plant Science

Free counters!


........................................................................................................................................

International Library of Science "HighlightsIn" is an Open Access Scientific Publishers, aiming to science and knowledge support